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Results and evaluations

Danida is an organisation that strives to ensure that its development assistance produces results. For example, in-depth evaluations ensure a focus on results in the specific programmes and projects, which provides valuable knowledge usable in future programmes and projects. In addition, performance is measured regularly in all projects.

In 2002, Danida launched a relatively simple measurement system, which provides an overview of whether the Danish development cooperation produces the expected results. For each component in the sector programmes in the Danish priority countries and for each project above DKK 35 million an interim target is identified, which is then assessed on an annual basis. In an infrastructure programme, an interim target could be, for example, how many kilometres of road that have been laid or maintained. If Denmark provides general budget support, the interim target could be one of the indicators set out in the recipient country’s national poverty reduction plan.

Goal fulfilment in 2013

In 2013, results have been measured according to 238 interim targets in the Danish bilateral assistance to priority countries. Goal fulfilment in 2013 is satisfactory: 83 per cent of targets were fulfilled to a very satisfactory or satisfactory extent. Danida continuously monitors the level of goal fulfilment, which since 2005 has hovered between 79 and 88 per cent.

In general, for bilateral development assistance, a goal fulfilment level of around 80 per cent is regarded as an indication of an absolutely satisfactory balance between ambitious and realistic targets and inevitable delays in some of the supported activities. Interim targets that do not live up to the ambitions are due to many reasons that are often associated with conditions and circumstances in the specific sector in the particular country. Reasons could be, for example, that an expected law in the recipient country is not passed, that the partner is unable to provide people or facilities to enable the programme to be completed on time, or due to other delays. In some instances, documentation of results achieved is not received in time to be included in Danida’s annual report, and therefore are missing in the annual statement.

Goal fulfilment for programmes and projects in countries where Danida provides development assistance:

A: Very satisfactory (minimum 96 % fulfilled) 64.7 % of interim targets
B: Satisfactory (61-95 % fulfilled) 18.1 % of interim targets
C: Less satisfactory (41-60 % fulfilled) 7.6 % of interim targets
D: Not satisfactory (0-40 % fulfilled) 9.7 % of interim targets

Click here to read more about Danida’s results-related work

Evaluations conducted in 2013

Evaluation

Bringing HIV/AIDS under control through prevention

In partnership with Ireland and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Denmark has supported efforts to fight HIV/AIDS in Uganda. In the period 2007-2010, Denmark contributed a total of DKK 90 million in support, and in the period 2010-2015 this figure has risen to DKK 200 million. In the period 1992-2004/05, the Uganda government succeeded in reducing HIV prevalence from 18.5 per cent to 6.4 per cent. In the period 2004-2011, however, the HIV prevalence rate rose again to 7.2 per cent. According to the evaluation, this rise was partly due to the decision of the Ugandan government to reduce its support for prevention in favour of support for life-prolonging medicine for people with HIV. The evaluation indicates that Ireland, the USA and Denmark have all implemented relevant initiatives in which they have given high priority to prevention through support for a special civil society fund, through political dialogue and through specific partnerships with Ugandan NGOs. The dialogue with the Uganda government has, however, been characterised by the fact that the biggest donor, PEDFAR - which is the US President’s Emergency Plan for Plan for AIDS Relief and contributes over 80 per cent of all support to combating HIV/AIDS in Uganda - prioritises treatment over prevention. The evaluation concludes that if Uganda is to bring HIV/AIDS under control, the Uganda government must assume leadership, give higher priority to prevention and focus on the groups most vulnerable to the epidemic.

Joint Evaluation of Support to the National Response to HIV/AIDS in Uganda 2007-2012

Evaluation

Results of the budget support to Tanzania

In the period 2006-2012, Tanzania received almost USD 5 billion in budget support from a number of donors, corresponding to 14 per cent of Tanzania’s public budget in the same period. The results of the budget support programme have now been assessed through a joint evaluation in which Denmark participated. In general, the international budget support has achieved positive results, even though far from all expectations have been met. The budget support has led to progress particularly in the social sectors and improved the living standards of Tanzania’s population. Progress has been considerable in the education sector, where the proportion of primary school children who continue on to secondary school increased from 20 per cent in 2006 to 54 per cent in 2012. The budget support has been a predictable and stable source of income for the government, which has made it possible to increase public spending without also increasing borrowing. The evaluation, however, is unable to find evidence of a significant effect on income poverty. This could be explained by the fact that the government and donors have primarily focused on social sectors, which only has a moderate direct effect on growth and employment. Even though the budget support has had importance as a source of finance, the dialogue between donor countries and the Tanzanian government on the country’s policies, which has taken place alongside the budget support, has been less effective.

Joint Evaluation of Budget Support to Tanzania: Lessons learned and recommendations for the future

  • Danida project, PS-Programme, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
    1000% increase in Tanzania's tax revenues
  • Health clinic in the village of Kpasenkpe in the Northern Ghana.
    More than 8 million Ghanians gets access to medical care
  • State building in Somaliland.
    State building in Somaliland
  • Vietnamese women sorting fish for production of fish flour in Ben Tre, the southern province close to Ho Chi Minh City.

    Growth and fisheries in Vietnam

  • Development coorperation works

    Infographic: Results of the Danish development cooperation