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Harapan Rainforest Project in Indonesia

Indonesian forest.
Photo: Søren Moustrup, University of Copenhagen

When measuring emissions associated with deforestation, Indonesia is the world’s third largest emitter of CO2 on a global scale. It is estimated that 80 per cent of Indonesia’s emissions are linked to deforestation and establishment of plantations.

The Harapan Rainforest Project is supported by Danida through the Special Climate Change Fund’s Fast-Start Finance (FSF). This financial support aims to protect and restore approx. 100,000 hectares (an area twice the size of the Danish island, Bornholm) of rainforest in Sumatra in Indonesia – one of the richest in biodiversity and also one of the most endangered forest habitats in the world. The Harapan Rainforest is the first Indonesian ecosystem that benefits from protection and rehabilitation measures in accordance with new legislation on productive forestry. The programme encourages alternative forest production rather than logging in cooperation with the local forest inhabitants. Normally, such areas are converted into plantations and thus cleared of forest, but the Harapan Rainforest Project cooperates with the local population on replanting and protecting the rainforest in a sustainable manner, which includes the people who traditionally live off the forest’s resources.

The project in itself contributes to a substantial reduction in CO2 emissions, which has paved the way for similar projects in Indonesia, and thus contributes to reducing Indonesia’s total emissions.

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